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  • Sadhguru Exclusive

Kuppadam Cotton

Chirala handloom saris are made with cotton, and have a contrasting border and hand butta designs on the body, woven with golden zari. The variable thread count used in weaving determines the softness of the fabric. Around 5,000 looms are currently being used in weaving Kuppadam saris. First, the yarn is washed and then dipped in the required color in a boiler, and the worker goes on turning the yarn so that the color is evenly soaked into the yarn.

The most important aspect in this process is the mixing of colors which will add unique and durable color to the fabric. Then it is again washed and dried. These yarns are then starched. Starching of the yarn is where the color in the yarn will become more permanent in nature and gives the yarn a polished look. The starched yarn is brought from the merchants by master weavers and is distributed to other weavers. Then it is turned in a spinning wheel called “charkha”. In turning the charkha the yarn becomes a thread, which is used for weft.

The loading of yarn into warp is the next process. Then yarn is loaded onto the loom. The length of yarn which is loaded as warp is known as “pacham”. One pacham of Chirala is 36 yards in length, and a weaver can make six saris from one pacham. Once pacham is loaded, weaving starts. Handloom saris from Chirala are famous for their softness and durability. The handloom fabrics are soft and comfortable to wear and suit all climates. Traditionally, Chirala looms manufactured saris, but now due to the demand, dress materials are also woven.

The Chirala Kuppadam solid sari border is registered under the Geographical and Protection Act 1999.

Related Weaves

Gajendragad

Gajendragad is the epicenter of weaving in Karnataka. This small town is an old Chalukya dynasty site and was once the center of the Vijayanagara Empire. Gajendragad, a town around 450 kilometers away from Bengaluru, was historically a hub of handloom production. Handloom weaving in this town can be traced back to the 10th century.

Bengal Tangail

‘Begum Bahar’ - the very term is suggestive of royalty, spring, and all things ethereal. This was the name given to a light, superfine, beautiful saree from Tangail.

Dindigul Cotton

Dindigul, a small town 66 km from Madurai, is very famous for its gorgeous organic cotton saris whose softness, durability and fine finish are their claim to fame.

Single Ikat Sarees

Ikat is an age-old process, in all probability one of the oldest weaves known in the modern world.

 
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